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Photovoltaic modules

PV modules consist of multiple solar cells connected in series and encapsulated in a multilayered shell to protect them against weathering and mechanical damage. Photovoltaic modules require little maintenance and have an average service life of thirty to forty years.
Figure 1: Example structure of a photovoltaic module based on crystalline solar cells

Source: ise_fraunhofer 2009

Last page update: 25.01.2011